Key References

The following references were used in the development of the resources on this website.

Bacchus CM, Dunfield L, Connor Gorber S, Holmes NM, Birtwhistle R,  Dickinson JA, Lewin G, Singh H, Klarenbach S, Mai V, Tonelli M: Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care.  Recommendations on Screening for Colorectal Cancer in Primary Care. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2016 Mar 15;188(5):340-8.

Canadian Cancer Statistics 2016. Toronto, ON: Canadian Cancer Society, 2016.

Hassan C, Bretthauer M, Kaminski M, Polkowski M, Rembacken B, Saunders B, Benamouzig R, Holme O, Green S, Kuiper T: Bowel preparation for colonoscopy: European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) guideline. Endoscopy 2013, 45(02):142-155.

Johnson DA, Barkun AN, Cohen LB, Dominitz JA, Kaltenbach T, Martel M, Robertson DJ, Boland CR, Giardello FM, Lieberman DA: Optimizing adequacy of bowel cleansing for colonoscopy: recommendations from the US multi-society task force on colorectal cancer. American Journal of Gastroenterology 2014, 109(10):1528-45.

Leddin DJ, Enns R, Hilsden R, Fallone CA, Rabeneck L, Sadowski DC, Singh H. Colorectal Cancer Surveillance after index colonoscopy: Guidance from the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology. 2013 April; 27 (4): 224-228

Leddin DJ, Enns R, Hilsden R, Plourde V, Rabeneck L, Sadowski DC, Singh H. Canadian Association of Gastroenterology position statement on screening individuals at average risk for developing colorectal cancer: 2010. Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology. 2010; 24 (12):705-714.

Strum WB. Colorectal Adenomas. N Engl J Med. 2016 Mar 17;374(11):1065-75. Review.